At St Alphonsus’ RC Primary School we teach synthetic phonics, using Letters and Sounds, in daily structured sessions lasting 20 minutes. Children progress through the six phases of Letters and Sounds, starting with Phase One in Nursery and ending with Phase Six in Year Two.

Letters and Sounds provides fun and fast-paced games and resources to support our teaching of phonics. It aims to build pupils’ speaking and listening skills, as well as prepare pupils to learn to read, by developing their phonic knowledge and skills. It sets out a detailed programme for teaching phonic skills, with the aim of pupils becoming fluent readers by age seven.  Jolly Phonics actions, songs and rhymes are used in EYFS to help our children learn the 44 phonemes (sounds). We use a multi-sensory approach, recognising that all children have different learning styles; teaching in Year 1 includes nonsense words using all phonemes to help prepare our children for the Phonics Screening in Summer Term.  Children are assessed at the end of each phase and are moved accordingly.

Please follow the links below to help your child at home with phonics…



In our school, we use Project X guided and independent reading books, as well as Project X Code for small-group interventions and upper Key Stage 1 guided reading. This is an exciting reading programme; it consists of fiction and non-fiction texts and uses imaginative stories and action adventures set in a micro-world with visually stimulating illustrations.

We are also using the Reciprocal Reading strategy as our main approach to child-led guided reading; this encourages independence, and develops thinking, questioning and comprehension skills, whilst improving confidence, fluency and expression.  To further promote independent reading, we also use Rainbow Reading, a scheme which focuses on comprehension and developing understanding. This is used across both key stages, within class and as part of small-group intervention.